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Light. It needs plenty of light but always avoiding direct sunlight because it can alter its color and even burn it. Temperature. The ideal is the one that oscillates between 18º C and 20º C, it can resist up to -7º C, but at -2º C it will lose all its leaves, which will rebound in spring. It does not support heating or frost.
Irrigation. During the winter we will stop watering the plant until February, when the floral wand comes out and we will water it again, increasing the irrigation gradually until the summer, at which time it needs more water. From autumn we will decrease the irrigation until we reach winter and suspend it again to start another rest.
Fertilizer. We will pay from March to September every 15 days with a full subscription that includes microelements.
Clivia is the popular name of this plant from South Africa, belonging to the Amarilidaceae family, and whose scientific name is Clivia Miniata. The most common cultivated variety is Grandiflora. When it was discovered and cataloged, around 1850, it was moved to England where it began to be cultivated and in the Victorian era it became very fashionable as an ornamental plant. In fact, his name is in honor of Charlotte Florentine Clive, Duchess of Northumberland. The plant has bulbous roots and leaves, in which it accumulates water.The shape of these is elongated and of an intense green. They are born from a bulbous trunk and among them sprouts, at the time of flowering, the scape or floral stem, in whose upper part the trumpet-shaped flowers, of orange-red color, that grow in clusters of between 10 and 20 copies located in fan After flowering the fruit comes out, a green berry that at maturity is bright red that adorns the plant during winter, although it also weakens it, so if you want next year to have a strong flowering, it is better that cut the flower when it dries so that the fruit that consumes the reserves of the bulb does not form.
When does this plant bloom? The first flowering occurs during the third or fourth year of life of the plant, from the month of February and lasts until May, provided that it has gone through a vegetative period (without irrigation) during the previous winter.
What soil do you need? It requires a substrate with good drainage. Ideally, a mixture of coarse peat mixed with perlite and crushed pine bark.
What size can it reach? It can measure around 50 centimeters.
Should it be transplanted? Never before three years, this plant is best developed in small pots with tight roots. In fact, flowering will be more intense if so. Anyway, when we see that the roots go out too much it is time to change the pot, but never to a much larger one.How can we reproduce it? There are three systems: by sprouts, which are the little children born in the lower part of the plant. These are cut in spring, after flowering and replanted in another pot. It can also be reproduced by root cuttings, putting them in an independent pot; and, finally, by seeds. Although this last system is not suitable to do it at home because you have to wait a long time until the plant is born.
What is the best place to have this plant at home? The best place is a room as cool as possible, better if it has a north orientation, in which there is no heating or very little, and where the direct rays of the sun do not give it. The yellow flower variety was discovered approximately in the year 1888 and is called Clivia Miniata Citrina.
(In this image you can see the opening of the flowers.) The plant has yellow leaves. This may be because it is receiving direct sunlight or due to lack of mineral nutrients. The base of the stem rots. It occurs when there is an excess of irrigation. You have to stop watering until the plant recovers. The leaves are very stoned and dull. Indicates that the plant needs more water. Possibly you have left it too long without any irrigation. The plant has red spots. Clivia is attacked by the rust fungus. To end it, treat it with a fungicide.5 Gardening Tricks
If you have a fireplace, save the ashes of the wood as they are a magnificent fertilizer for rose bushes. To use them you just have to put them in a cloth bag, immerse them in water and when they have been soaked and made a kind of mud, apply them on the substrate of the plants.